Studying with ECTS
ECTS - the European Credit Transfer System - was developed by the European Commission in order to provide generally valid and accepted procedures for the recognition of study qualification gained by students on courses outside their home country.
It is also intended to provide binding conditions and flexibility. Moreover, it provides a great degree of clarity in the organizing and running of courses for home and international students. In relation to international exchange, ECTS gives students the opportunity to clarify definitively with their home university of how many courses or classes they should attend while they are abroad. This system also explains under what conditions the qualifications they obtain will be recognized by the home university on their return.
Erasmus + offers students
• the academic recognition of the study qualifications gained on courses outside their home country,
• statement of fees for enrolment, registration, examination, laboratory and library,
• support concerning the language preparation for the stay abroad as Online Linguistic Support,
• support concerning the cultural and organizational preparation for the stay abroad,
• a financial support (depending on the target country),
• an additional financial support for single parents,
• an additional financial support for people with disabilities.
How does ECTS operate?
Ludwigsburg University has chosen to participate in ECTS within the framework of the ERASMUS Program. This means that both, students from universities outside Germany and students of Ludwigsburg University, have the opportunity to receive official and binding recognition of study qualifications obtained abroad from their home institutions. For this to be done, a Learning Agreement must be conducted between the student and the home university before he or she starts to study abroad. The Learning Agreement is drawn up by the home university.
This table shows how many ECTS points can be obtained from the different types of classes at Ludwigsburg University of Education. Classes are listed in the main section of the University prospectus and categorized according to type: lectures (Vorlesungen), seminars (Seminare), main seminars (Hauptseminare), etc. Category abbreviations used in the prospectus are given in the table.
Please notice that ERASMUS-students as well as scholarship-holders are expected to do a minimum of 30 ECTS per semester (60 ECTS for the whole academic year).
Type of class or practical
Lecture** (Vorlesung), normally without grade
Practical class** (Übung), Tutorial with grade
Practical class** (Übung), Tutorial without grade
Seminar**, Introduction, Main seminar** (Hauptseminar), Lecture** with grade
PS, S, HS, V
Seminar**, Introduction, Main seminar** (Hauptseminar), without grade
PS, S, HS, V
Introductory practical (Einführungspraktikum) and day practical (Tagespraktikum) at school
field trip (Exkursion)
to be determined
independent study, thesis etc.
to be determined, according to workload
Independent academic assignments and projects ("independent study") are given ECTS points according to the amount of work involved. The evaluation in individual cases is arranged by an agreement between Ludwigsburg and the home university.
In addition to the Learning Agreement, a further important document is the ERASMUS certificate. When you have completed your courses in Ludwigsburg, your results are entered on a Transcript of Records and sent to your home university. The transcript shows the names of the classes you have attended, the number of ECTS points acquired, the German marks and grades given to you by the lecturers, and the ECTS marks, which allow your home university to convert your results into the form normally used in your home country. In addition to this, you will receive a ERASMUS certificate that confirms which classes you have successfully attended and your results. It may be used, for example, as confirmation for a future employer that you have successfully completed a course of study abroad.
The ECTS grade system
Below is an overview of the ECTS grade system with an explanation of the individual grades.
% Percentage of successful students obtaining this grade
EXCELLENT - outstanding performance and only a few minor errors
VERY GOOD – above the average standard, but with some errors
GOOD – good, solid overall performance, but with some noticeable errors
SATISFACTORY – an acceptable result, but with quite obvious short- comings
SUFFICIENT – the performance satisfies minimum requirements
FAILED – improvements are required before credits can be awarded
FAILED – considerable further work is required
At the start of the semester you should always ask your German lecturers what you must do to obtain a grade for the particular classes you wish to attend. Requirements for individual classes are not regulated in a general or overall way by the University, but are decided on by the particular lecturer concerned
If you have any questions on these points, please contact Ms. Kerstin Bischoff in the International Office.
This table shows you how German grades are translated into ECTS grades.
German Grade Description
Corresponding ECTS grade
1 SEHR GUT (VERY GOOD)
2 GUT (GOOD)
3 BEFRIEDIGEND (SATISFACTORY)
3,5 BEFRIEDIGEND-AUSREICHEND (SATISFACTORY-SUFFICIENT)
4 AUSREICHEND (SUFFICIENT)
5 MANGELHAFT (DEFICIENT)
6 UNGENÜGEND (INSUFFICIENT)